Resources and Tools for Elementary Math Specialists and Teachers
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Using Questions To Stimulate Thinking

This article states that research shows 93% of teacher questions are focusing on recall of facts and that type of questioning does not stimulate the mathematical thinking of students who are engaged in open ended investigations. To improve the quality of teacher questioning techniques, the author suggests dividing questions into four main categories: starter questions, questions to stimulate mathematical thinking, assessment questions and final discussion questions and then to follow with a rigorous question. A link to an addendum to the article provides a table of generic questions that can be used by teachers to guide children through a mathematical investigation, and at the same time prompt higher order thinking, as espoused by Bloom and others.
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Contributed by: Millennium Mathematics Project - Publisher, Jenni Way - Author
This resource is included in the following PD Collection(s):
CCSS Practice Standard 3This collection assists teachers as they integrate Mathematical Practice Standard 3 into their classroom routines. Encouraging productive student conversations about mathematics builds the foundation that supports this practice. These resources will help teachers learn methods for creating an environment where constructing arguments and critiquing the reasoning of peers is a common occurrence. Additional resources may be found in a companion classroom collection.
CCSS Practice Standard 2This collection aims to shed light on Practice Standard 2: Reason abstractly and quantitatively, and offers instructional strategies for helping students make sense of quantities and their relationships in problem situations. These resources provide meaningful ways to support children as they learn to represent problem contexts with numbers and symbols, and then re-interpret the numbers and symbols in terms of the original problem. A companion Classroom Collection includes resources to help teachers develop this practice with their students.
Math TopicMathematical Practices, Mathematical Processes
Grade LevelK, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Resource TypeInstructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article

  • Additional Information
    • AudienceEducator
    • LanguageEnglish (United Kingdom), Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Spanish
    • Education TopicTeaching strategies
    • Interdisciplinary Connection
    • Professional DevelopmentYes
    • ContributorMillennium Mathematics Project - Publisher, Jenni Way - Author
    • Publication Date2001-10
    • RightsCopyright (c) 2007 University of Cambridge
      http://nrich.maths.org/public/terms.php
    • AccessFree access
  • Standards
    • Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

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