Resources and Tools for Elementary Math Specialists and Teachers
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Students Understanding Of The Equal Sign Not Equal, Prof Says

This article summarizes the research of Texas A&M faculty Robert M. Capraro and Mary Capraro comparing students' interpretation of the equal sign internationally and its relationship to achievement in mathematics. The page includes a 1-minute video of Robert Capraro discussing the importance of understanding the concept of equivalence and how misunderstandings arise.
Contributed by: Texas A&M University, Publisher
This resource is included in the following PD Collection(s):
CCSS Practice Standard 6Common Core’s Mathematical Practice 6, Attend to Precision, calls for students to be clear in their reasoning, calculation, and communication through the precise use of words, symbols, units of measure, mathematical expressions, and processes. Students recognize various levels of precision and apply them appropriately; they calculate accurately and efficiently. These resources are intended to help teachers and math specialists understand the intent and scope of MP 6 and plan for successful attainment in the classroom. A companion Classroom collection, Implementing CCSS Practice Standard 6, includes resources to help teachers foster this practice with their students.
Math TopicAlgebraic Thinking, Number Sense, Mathematical Practices, Mathematical Processes
Grade LevelK, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Resource TypeReference Materials, Article, Video

  • Additional Information
    • AudienceEducator
    • LanguageEnglish (USA)
    • Education TopicEducational research, Misconceptions
    • Interdisciplinary Connection
    • Professional DevelopmentYes
    • ContributorTexas A&M University, Publisher
    • Publication Date2010-08-12
    • RightsCopyright (c) Texas A&M University
    • AccessFree access
  • Standards
    • Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

      Select a standards document: