Resources and Tools for Elementary Math Specialists and Teachers

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 7 resources related to the following standard:
Statistics and Probability
Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models.
6. Approximate the probability of a chance event by collecting data on the chance process that produces it and observing its long-run relative frequency, and predict the approximate relative frequency given the probability. For example, when rolling a number cube 600 times, predict that a 3 or 6 would be rolled roughly 200 times, but probably not exactly 200 times.

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This collection of probability experiments can be completed with one pair of dice. The purpose of each experiment is to determine the theoretical and/or experimental probability of specific outcomes. Each activity includes a PDF document with directions and materials and several also include a java applet.
Activity, Game
Grade Level: 4, 5, 6+
This probability application allows the learner to conduct a large volume of experimental trials using a die or an adjustable spinner. Conducting a large volume of trials will enable the learner to make comparisons between experimental and theoretical probability. Discussion topics and a worksheet on experimental probability are provided.
Activity, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
This interactive applet allows students to discover how probability can influence the outcome of a game. Learners control the winning and losing outcomes on a single die in a race between two cars. Data can be generated for individual rolls and races, or can be accumulated for any number of races. This game enables students to gain a deeper understanding of theoretical and experimental probability. Help tips for users and exploration questions for educators are provided.
Activity, Game, Interactive Media
Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+
This lesson plan includes five probability experiments that allow students to make predictions and compare theoretical probability to experimental probability. The lesson plan includes a PDF worksheet that students can use to record and reflect on the data that they collect through these activities. There are several extension questions and activities listed to expand on students' understanding of how experimental probability compares to theoretical probability; one of these activities utilizes a java applet for an adjustable spinner which demonstrates how increasing the number of trials will bring the theoretical and experimental probabilities closer together.
Lesson Plans
Grade Level: 5, 6+