Number and Operations in Base Ten

Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic.

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This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3 | |

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure students’ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route. | Instructional Strategy, Problem Set, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3 | |

This web site contains information and interactive applets related to our Hindu-Arabic number system. Users learn the history and structure of the system as well as how to count and write numbers. Users can learn and practice various algorithms for whole number computation and explore fractions, decimals and percents in our number system. The site explains various sets of numbers and how they relate to operations. | Activity, Interactive Media, Tutorial, Reference Materials Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | |

This interactive Java game, similar to Connect Four, helps students develop game strategy and fluency with number facts. Two players each try to connect four game pieces in a row (vertically, horizontally or diagonally) before the opponent does by correctly answering problems. For each game players can choose whole numbers and/or integers as well as the operation(s) – addition, subtraction, multiplication, division. They can also select the difficulty level and the time limit for each problem. | Activity, Game, Interactive Media Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This question and answer service for math students and their teachers offers a searchable archive all about place value at the elementary level. Topics addressed include rounding, estimating, significant digits, and scientific notation. | Community Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This interactive Java applet helps users develop place value concepts involving addition of numbers with 1, 2, 3, or 4 digits. The virtual blocks are manipulated to model regrouping in order to solve addition problems posed by the applet. Users also may create and solve their own problems with whole numbers or up to 3 decimal places. The default of base 10 may be changed to any of the bases 2, 3, 4, or 5. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This Java applet allows students to practice adding and subtracting whole numbers, decimals, or integers. Students use base blocks in blue to represent positive numbers, and red to represent either negative numbers or subtraction. The applet offers up to three decimal places, 2 to 4 columns, and bases from 2 through 5 and 10. Applet instructions and teaching ideas are available through the links at the top of the page. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This interactive Java applet helps users develop place value concepts involving subtraction of numbers with 1, 2, 3, or 4 digits. The virtual blocks are manipulated to model regrouping in order to solve whole number subtraction problems posed by the applet. Users also may create and solve their own problems with whole numbers or with up to 3 decimal places. When creating problems a user may change the default of base 10 to any of the bases 2, 3, 4, or 5. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This 5-minute video follows Carlos and Sara, students in Jennifer Saul's third grade class, as they explain different strategies, both mental and written, for adding multi-digit numbers. These children demonstrate effective presentations skills, while their classmates exhibit the established expectations for being a supportive audience. The page provides reflection questions for the viewer and downloadable supporting materials, including a transcript of the video (doc) and problem solving work samples from Carlos and Sara (pdf). | Instructional Strategy, Video Grade Level: 2, 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This interactive Flash game helps students develop strategic thinking and number sense while practicing basic operations. It is based on the word game Hangman, but uses digits and operations instead of words. Players are presented with an equation missing most of its digits. They try to complete the blanks by guessing the missing digits (0 - 9) before making four incorrect guesses and thereby releasing the catapult. Difficulty increases over four rounds of equations. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 |