Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic.

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This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3 | |

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure students’ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route. | Instructional Strategy, Problem Set, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3 | |

In this problem learners practice addition, subtraction and multiplication while developing logical reasoning. Solvers apply the given clues along with their understanding of the domino numbering system to determine which dominoes are missing from a set. The Teachers' Notes page includes suggestions for implementation, discussion questions, ideas for extension and support, printable sheets of dominoes (pdf), and a link to an interactive Dominoes Environment (cataloged separately). | Activity Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This web site contains information and interactive applets related to our Hindu-Arabic number system. Users learn the history and structure of the system as well as how to count and write numbers. Users can learn and practice various algorithms for whole number computation and explore fractions, decimals and percents in our number system. The site explains various sets of numbers and how they relate to operations. | Activity, Interactive Media, Tutorial, Reference Materials Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | |

This interactive Wolfram Demonstration helps students visualize the relationship between multiplication and the area of a rectangle. On a 10x10 multiplication table, with 1 in the lower left and 100 in the upper right, users adjust the size of a rectangle by dragging a vertex or sliders, or by choosing a product from a pulldown list. The resulting rectangle highlights the width, height and area (factors and product) as well as other equivalent areas (products) on the board, illustrating commutativity and multiple factor pairs. Wolfram CDF Player, a free download, is required to view this resource. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This interactive Flash applet offers three ways for students to practice basic fact skills related to multiplication and division. Users control the challenge level by choosing the size of the blank multiplication grid displayed by the applet. In Multiply mode users type in the product that completes a multiplication sentence. In Factor mode users click a grid cell that matches a given product. In Divide mode users type in a missing factor in the displayed multiplication sentence. A sound effect and timing feature are optional. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This web page contains links to a video and several downloadable pdf files documenting the efforts of a third grade class to prove a set of conjectures about even and odd numbers. Included are a 4-minute Blue Stream video segment in which students discuss a classmate's conjecture that the sum of two odd numbers always equals an even number, a document providing background information on the investigation that led to the discussion, a transcript of the video, and the teacher's journal entry reflecting on the discussion and its implications. | Activity, Demonstration, Video Grade Level: 2, 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This 14-minute video demonstrates how students learn to persevere through challenging number puzzles and games. Headteacher Kate Frood discusses her philosophy and models teaching children to use core multiplication facts as tools for more complex problems. She differentiates tasks to accommodate advanced and struggling learners. | Activity, Instructional Strategy, Video Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This 3 lesson instructional unit helps students investigate many different aspects of triangles including basic properties of triangles, building other shapes from triangles, the dependence of the third side length on the other two (Triangle Inequality Theorem), and the Sierpinski Triangle fractal. The lesson includes student activity sheets and links to interactive applets. | Activity, Interactive Media, Lesson Plans Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This one-page position paper of the NCTM discusses the role of calculators in the elementary classroom. It describes the rationale for using them and explains how selective and strategic use helps develop students' mathematics understanding. The paper cites a number of references for further reading. | Reference Materials, Article Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 |