Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division.

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This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3 | |

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure students’ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route. | Instructional Strategy, Problem Set, Reference Materials Grade Level: 3 | |

This unit consists of four lessons in which students explore several meanings and representations of multiplication, including number lines, sets, arrays, and balance beams. They also learn about the commutative property of multiplication, the results of multiplying by 1 and by 0, and the inverse property of multiplication. Students write story problems and create pictographs. The unit includes activity sheets, assessment ideas, links to related applets, reflective questions for students and teachers, extensions and a bibliography of children's literature with a multiplication focus. | Activity, Instructional Strategy, Lesson Plans, Unit of Instruction Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This 3 lesson instructional unit helps students investigate many different aspects of triangles including basic properties of triangles, building other shapes from triangles, the dependence of the third side length on the other two (Triangle Inequality Theorem), and the Sierpinski Triangle fractal. The lesson includes student activity sheets and links to interactive applets. | Activity, Interactive Media, Lesson Plans Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This page from the Math Forum blog of Suzanne Alejandre links to a one-minute video during which Max Ray acts out the "Charlie's Gumball" Problem of the Week. The page includes links to PDFs of the scenario, the PoW Packet with the solution and teaching suggestions, a scoring rubric and the "Notice/Wonder" strategy handout that can be used to introduce the problem. | Assessment, Activity, Instructional Strategy, Instructor Guide/Manual, Community, Video Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This financial literacy activity requires students to determine how to spend within a budget. The purpose of this task is to have students solve problems using all four operations and represent their solutions on a bar graph. | Activity Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 | |

This unit contains two lessons which help students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. Students also practice reading and writing large numbers and develop estimation skills. In Lesson 1, Every Breath You Take, students estimate the number of breaths taken during a specified time, experiment, and display real-life data. In Lesson 2, Making Your First Millions, students develop the concept of a million by working with smaller numerical units, such as blocks of 10 or 100, and then expanding the idea by multiplication or repeated addition. They analyze situations and identify patterns that will enable them to develop the concept of large numbers. Each lesson includes student activity sheets, an instructional plan, and extensions. | Activity, Experiment/Lab Activity, Lesson Plans, Unit of Instruction Grade Level: 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This interactive 100 grid has a variety of open-ended uses. Users can "make" as many counters as they choose from among three different kinds, and then drag them onto the grid, allowing any number to be covered by up to 3 different markers at one time. An Ideas page offers possible tasks and games suited to the applet. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | |

This narrative document describes the progression of Counting and Cardinality and Operations and Algebraic Thinking across the K-5 grade band. It is informed both by research on children's cognitive development and by the logical structure of mathematics. The document discusses the most important goals for elementary students that of understanding and using numbers. The focus is on the basic operations—the kinds of quantitative relationships they model and consequently the kinds of problems they can be used to solve as well as their mathematical properties and relationships. | Reference Materials, Article Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | |

In this lesson students learn techniques for estimating total time using a rate estimate, and large number counts using capacity measures. The lesson is supported by two short videos, a handout and two assessments. | Assessment, Activity, Lesson Plans, Video Grade Level: 3, 4, 5 |