## Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

Grade(s) 3 resources related to the following standard:
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division.
1. Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 × 7.

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This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5.
Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials
This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure students’ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.
Instructional Strategy, Problem Set, Reference Materials
This unit consists of four lessons in which students explore several meanings and representations of multiplication, including number lines, sets, arrays, and balance beams. They also learn about the commutative property of multiplication, the results of multiplying by 1 and by 0, and the inverse property of multiplication. Students write story problems and create pictographs. The unit includes activity sheets, assessment ideas, links to related applets, reflective questions for students and teachers, extensions and a bibliography of children's literature with a multiplication focus.
Activity, Instructional Strategy, Lesson Plans, Unit of Instruction
This interactive Wolfram Demonstration helps students visualize the relationship between multiplication and the area of a rectangle. On a 10x10 multiplication table, with 1 in the lower left and 100 in the upper right, users adjust the size of a rectangle by dragging a vertex or sliders, or by choosing a product from a pulldown list. The resulting rectangle highlights the width, height and area (factors and product) as well as other equivalent areas (products) on the board, illustrating commutativity and multiple factor pairs. Wolfram CDF Player, a free download, is required to view this resource.
Activity, Interactive Media
Resource is part of a PD collection
This interactive Flash applet helps students develop the concept of equal groups as a foundation for multiplication and division. The applet displays an array of dots, some of which are covered by a card. Student use the visible number of rows and columns to determine the total number of dots. Clicking on the card reveals the full array, and a voice announces the total.
Activity, Interactive Media
Resource is part of a PD collection
In this 4-minute video, educators can watch a teacher deliver a fourth grade lesson on using number sense, arrays, and simpler calculations to solve a more complex problem, called a cluster problem. Watch this teacher check for understanding of multiplicative distribution and the use of arrays.
Lesson Plans, Video
Resource is part of a PD collection
This familiar game can be played by one or two players taking turns. Players choose to match equivalent representations of numbers, shapes, fractions, or multiplication facts. The game can be played in clear pane mode, or for added challenge, with the windows closed.
Game
Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5