Number and Operations in Base Ten

Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.

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This 51-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 2 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-1 and 3-5. | Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials Grade Level: 2 | |

This web site contains information and interactive applets related to our Hindu-Arabic number system. Users learn the history and structure of the system as well as how to count and write numbers. Users can learn and practice various algorithms for whole number computation and explore fractions, decimals and percents in our number system. The site explains various sets of numbers and how they relate to operations. | Activity, Interactive Media, Tutorial, Reference Materials Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | |

This interactive Java applet helps students understand place value and regrouping. Base 10 is the default, but users may choose to work in base 2 or 5. A user places (or removes) chips of three colors in three columns to represent numbers of up to three digits. When the number of chips in any column equals the base number, the user can exchange them for a chip in the next column. Similarly a chip of a higher value can be exchanged for the base number of chips of the lower value. The applet can be used to model addition and subtraction with regrouping. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This article proposes a structured set of lively, brief, daily exercises designed to help children master number facts and mental math skills. Each day's practice focuses on a small, highly focused, manageable, and strategically selected set of facts or skills that builds directly on the previous days' learning. Related resources (Practice and videos) are cataloged separately. | Activity, Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This open-ended interactive Flash applet can be used in many ways to develop numeracy concepts and skills. It provides three highlight colors, a hide or reveal feature, and the ability to vary the start number and the increment size. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This document provides descriptions and examples of what each Mathematics Common Core standard means a Grade Two student will know, understand and be able to do. This "unpacking" of the standards provides instructional guidelines and was developed to assist North Carolina educators teach the Mathematics Common Core (Standard Course of Study). | Reference Materials Grade Level: 2 | |

This flexible interactive applet helps students develop number sense and fluency as they explore number sequences and patterns. Users can select preset or random number lines, or create their own by entering starting numbers and increments. Colored blocks can be dragged to hide or reveal specific terms in any sequence. Starting numbers and increments may be positive or negative; they may also be decimals. An Ideas page suggests possible uses for this applet. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ | |

This article focuses on the role and techniques of effective ("distributed") practice that leads to full and fluent mastery of mental mathematics as well as conceptual growth around properties of arithmetic. It lists the essential mental math skills needed for fluent computation at grades 1, 2, and 3. The article describes a number of strategies for developing mental skills and links to pages with more details on others (some not yet complete). While this article refers to the Think Math! curriculum published by EDC, the methods generalize to any program. The Fact of the Day technique and a related video are cataloged separately. | Activity, Instructional Strategy, Reference Materials, Article Grade Level: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Resource is part of a PD collection | |

This page provides examples of Second Grade Number (Operations and Algebraic Thinking, and Number and Operations in Base Ten) activities aligned with the Common Core State Standards. A CCSS standard is stated and the possible activities are listed below and linked. All activities are suitable for use in Math Centers, small group or whole class settings and are designed to elicit a range of responses and provide opportunities for students to communicate their reasoning and mathematical thinking. Instructions for each task are typed in large print and written in child-friendly language to enable students to work on activities independently after a brief introduction to the task. All files listed are in PDF format. | Activity, Game Grade Level: 2 | |

This flexible, interactive Flash applet allows students to explore number patterns and to develop number sense and fluency with addition, subtraction, and multiplication. The student or teacher enters a starting number and a step increment. Both values may be up to 4 digits and either positive or negative. The user then mentally carries out the sequence and enters the resulting 10th and 11th terms. The first 9 terms are color-coded in groups of 3 and may be shown or hidden one group at a time. Users have the option of hiding or showing the starting number and/or the increment. | Activity, Interactive Media Grade Level: K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6+ |